Hematochezia or blood in stool can be a frightening experience for anyone. There are many possible reasons why this happens, ranging from minor to severe. Hematochezia is typically characterized by bright red or maroon-colored blood in the stool, on the toilet paper, or in the toilet bowl. If you or anyone you know experiences hematochezia, it is best to seek medical attention immediately.
What is The Main Cause of Blood in Stool?
One of the most common causes of blood in stool is hemorrhoids, which are swollen veins in the anus or rectum. Hemorrhoids can be caused by straining during bowel movements, constipation, or prolonged sitting. They can be itchy, painful, and cause blood to appear in the stool. Hemorrhoids are typically not harmful and can be treated with lifestyle changes such as increasing fiber intake and staying hydrated.
Another possible cause of blood in stool is inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. IBD involves inflammation of the digestive tract and can cause symptoms such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, and rectal bleeding. Treatment for IBD often involves medication and lifestyle changes, and in severe cases, surgery may be necessary.
Diverticulitis is another possible cause of hematochezia. Diverticula are small pouches that can form in the lining of the colon and can become infected or inflamed, leading to bleeding and other symptoms. Treatment for diverticulitis often includes antibiotics and changes to the diet.
Colon cancer can also cause blood in the stool. Colon cancer typically does not cause symptoms until it has progressed, making regular screenings and early detection crucial. Treatment for colon cancer often involves surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.
There are many possible causes of hematochezia, ranging from mild to severe. It is important to seek medical attention if you experience blood in your stool to determine the cause and receive appropriate treatment. Lifestyle changes, medication, and surgery are all possible treatments depending on the cause and severity of the condition. Regular screenings for colon cancer can also help detect the condition early and increase the chances of successful treatment.
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